Thinking about positive forms of organization and education leads us directly towards recent developments in Venezuela, which have taken place in various social and political spheres since Hugo Chávez won the presidential elections in 1998. Venezuela is maybe the most inspiring example to highlight possibilities a State nowadays has in globalized capitalism in order to make the participation of the people in decision-making processes possible or to support existing forms of self-organization throughout the society.
Sites for self-organization in Venezuela were at the beginning the “Bolivarian Circles”, kinds of neighborhood organizations in which people meet and take responsibility for different social and cultural matters. “Bolivarian Circles” differed from traditional social oriented organizations, because their aim is political and ideological self-education in order to defend and continue the “Bolivarian Process”. “Bolivarian Circles” were grassroots organizations, which had to be founded from at least seven individuals who agreed on certain agendas and working modes. One year after the Venezuelan people prevented the coup d’etat against the democratically elected president Chávez, in 2003, around 2.5 million individuals allover Venezuela organized themselves in “Bolivarian Circles”. Since then forms of organization changed, following the needs of the people and of the process of social transformation. The “Bolivarian Circles” are not anymore the main organizational form, but nowadays even more people are organized in grassroots organizations of different types.